Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights


The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) confers rights on the owners of an intellectual creation that relate to trade issues. The agreement thus effectively protects a right and eliminates competition, with the aim of promoting innovation. Examples of such rights are patents, trademarks and licences.  

The agreement also covers the protection of geographical indications, which is of great importance for agricultural products.

Level of protection of certain categories of products

The TRIPS Agreement provides for a general level of protection for all types of products in Article 22 and additional protection for wines and spirits in Article 23. This distinction is explained in the following article (pages 878–883): pdf "Geographical Indications [...]" ; – i.e. cheese, watches, chocolate and cosmetics are covered by Article 22 of the TRIPS Agreement.

Last modification 20.01.2023

Top of page


Federal Office for Agriculture FOAG
International Trade Relations

Schwarzenburgstrasse 165

3003 Bern
+41 58 466 07 83

Michèle Däppen

Print contact